Makemake au e kūʻai aku ma waho! ʻO 6 mau ʻāina no ke kālepa waiwai

Makemake au e kūʻai aku ma waho! ʻO 6 mau ʻāina no ke kālepa waiwai

1. Kina

ʻO Kina, kekahi o nā mea kūʻai nui o Rūsia: ke ulu nei ka nui o nā huahana i lawe ʻia i Kina / Russian Export Center i kēlā me kēia makahiki. Hiki iā ʻoe ke loaʻa i kāu mea kūʻai aku ma ka Pūnaewele ma nā mākeke, a ola, e hōʻike ana i nā huahana ma nā hōʻike. He mea nui e noʻonoʻo e hoʻopuka ana ʻo Kina i ka nui o nā waiwai, me ka lawe ʻana mai i nā huahana mai nā ʻāina he nui. No laila, pono ʻoe e nānā mua i ka noi a hoʻomaopopo i ka makemake o ka lehulehu.

ʻO kekahi o nā koho ʻO ka helu ʻana i nā manaʻo o nā ʻāina no ka lawe ʻana aku / Russian Export Center, nā huahana o ka agro-industrial complex (agro-industrial complex), i ka meaʻai, no ka laʻana, confectionery, honey, ice cream. Ua kaulana nā huahana ʻelua i hana ʻia a me nā meaʻai maka ma Kina. A ʻo kekahi mau waiwai hoʻi i hoʻolei ʻia ma Rūsia a ʻaʻole i waiwai nui ʻia, me nā wāwae moa. Ua kūʻai ʻo Kina i nā wāwae moa a me nā poʻo ma Crimea no hoʻokahi makahiki ma mua / Rossiyskaya Gazeta.

Eia kekahi, ʻo nā wahi hoʻohiki no ke kālepa ʻana me Kina hiki ke ʻoki ʻia i ka lāʻau, ke keleawe, nā mea kanu, nā mea hana no ke kūkulu ʻana a me nā kemika hale.

2. Kazakhstan

Nā kiʻi na: Jane Peimer / Shutterstock

Kūʻai ʻo Kazakhstan i ka mea a me ka mea e kūʻai ai ʻo Kazakhstan: top-10 i koi nui ʻia i nā waiwai haole / alakaʻi ma Rūsia meaʻai, nā mea hoʻonaninani, nā kaila a me nā kaila, nā lole, nā kaʻa, nā lāʻau lapaʻau, nā lako a me nā mea hou aku. Ua manaʻo ʻia ko mākou ʻāina ʻo ka Top-10 mau hoa kālepa nui o Kazakhstan / Inbusiness.kz ka hoa kālepa nui o Kazakhstan. No laila, ʻaʻole paʻakikī ke komo i ka mākeke a loaʻa kāu mea kūʻai.

Eia kekahi, ʻo Kazakhstan he lālā o ka hui kuʻuna EAEU, no laila hiki ke hoʻokuʻu aku i ka wikiwiki a me ka liʻiliʻi ma mua o nā ʻāina ʻē aʻe. ʻO ka lawe ʻana i ka hapa nui o nā waiwai i loko o ka Union ʻaʻole i kau ʻia i nā dute dute, a e hana ʻia Pehea e hoʻokō ʻia ai ka ʻōlelo kuʻuna i ka wā e lawe aku ai i nā mokuʻāina lālā o EAEU? / ʻAʻole pono ka Russian Export Center i kahi ʻōlelo kuʻuna. Ma hope o ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana o nā waiwai, pono e hoʻopiha a waiho i ka mana o ka dute wale nō i ka palapala helu helu helu. Eia nō naʻe, pono e hele kekahi mau waiwai i ka sanitary, veterinary a me nā ʻano mana ʻē aʻe, pili mau kēia mau lula.

3. Belarus

He lālā hoʻi ʻo Belarus o ka hui kuʻuna EAEU, no laila ua like nā huaʻōlelo o ka lawe ʻana i nā waiwai ma Kazakhstan. ʻO kekahi ʻano like o kēia mau ʻāina ʻo Rūsia ko lākou hoa kālepa nui: ʻo 50% o nā huahana a pau i lawe ʻia i Belarus mai Russia mai.

ʻO ka ʻoihana koʻikoʻi ke kumu o ka lawe ʻana aku. Akā i ka ʻāina, koi ʻia nā huahana o nā ʻano ʻē aʻe, ʻo ia hoʻi, nā huahana kemika, nā lako, nā huahana mahiʻai. No ka laʻana, i ka makahiki 2020, ua ulu ka hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻana o nā iʻa maloʻo, nā meaʻai holoholona a me nā ʻuala. Ua ʻike pū ʻia ka hoʻonui ʻana i nā lako e like me 45% no ka polyethylene.

Akā, ke hana nei nā mea hana Belarusian i ka hana maikaʻi me ka hoʻolālā kālā a me nā mea hoʻonani mālama. Eia nō naʻe, aia nō kahi manawa o ka kūleʻa Ua ulu ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o nā mea hoʻonaninani Lūkini ma kahi o 50% / RBC: hiki iā ʻoe ke koho i nā ʻano hoʻohālikelike kūikawā a i ʻole nā ​​​​mea i loaʻa ʻole i ka ʻāina ponoʻī.

4. ʻUzbekistan

Kiʻi: monticello / Shutterstock

I kēia manawa, hoʻonoho ʻo Uzbekistan i ka Export i Uzbekistan / Russian Export Center i ka 12th ma nā kumu waiwai ʻole i hoʻokuʻu aku i ka ikehu o Rusia. Akā, hiki iā ia ke piʻi i luna. ʻO ka māhele nui o nā waiwai i lawe ʻia mai i koi ʻia ma Uzbekistan ʻo ia nā mea hana mīkini, lāʻau, nā huahana mahiʻai a me nā metallurgy. Eia kekahi, hiki iā ʻoe ke kūʻai kūleʻa i nā lako kūikawā, no ka laʻana, nā lāʻau lapaʻau, a me nā lawelawe e like me ka hoʻomohala ʻana i ka polokalamu a i ʻole factoring (kahi ʻano o ka hōʻaiʻē ʻole, ka intermediation kālā ma waena o ka mea kūʻai aku a me ka mea kūʻai aku, e ʻae ana i ka hui e pale i nā pilikia waiwai me nā uku hoʻopaneʻe).

ʻAʻole ʻo Uzbekistan he lālā o ka hui EAEU, akā ua hoʻokomo ʻia i loko o ka CIS free trade zone. No laila, ʻaʻohe duties Paukū 2. No ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā dute dute a me nā uku e like me nā duties / Agreement on a free trade zone a me nā uku like no ka lawe ʻana aku i nā waiwai, pū kekahi, akā pono ʻoe e huki i kahi ʻōlelo.

5. USA

USA, ke alakaʻi o ka honua Ke alakaʻi nei i nā ʻāina hoʻokomo i ka honua ma 2020 / Statista i nā ʻōlelo o ka lawe ʻana mai. Hoʻokomo pū ʻia nā mokuʻāina i nā waiwai he nui mai Rūsia: i kēia manawa ʻo ka ʻāina ʻo USA / Russian Export Center ma kahi ʻehiku i ka pae ʻana o nā kumu waiwai ʻole i hoʻokuʻu aku i ka ikehu. ʻO ke kumu o ke kūʻai aku ʻana i nā metala, nā mea kanu a me nā huahana lāʻau.

Akā hiki iā ʻoe ke komo i ka mākeke ʻAmelika me nā waiwai o nā ʻano ʻē aʻe. No ka laʻana, me nā lole, nā mea komo, nā mea hoʻonaninani o ka hoʻolālā kumu, nā mea hoʻomanaʻo a i ʻole nā ​​​​mea hoʻonaninani kūlohelohe. I kēia hihia, pono ʻoe e hoʻomanaʻo he nui nā mea kūʻai aku ma ka mākeke US, no laila he mea nui e mālama i ke ʻano o ka huahana a me ka hoʻolālā kūʻai kūpono. Ma kahi o nā ʻāpana kūikawā a i ʻole nā ​​hoʻolālā hoʻolālā, ʻo ka pōmaikaʻi o nā waiwai mai Rūsia e lilo i kumu kūʻai ruble maikaʻi a me kahi kumukūʻai maikaʻi no nā mea kūʻai aku ʻAmelika.

6. Kelemānia

ʻO ke kolu o ka honua a ʻo ka mea lawe nui loa i nā waiwai ma ʻEulopa. Ma ke kūlana o nā hoʻokuʻu ʻia ʻo Rūsia, ʻo Germany / Russian Export Center ke kolu o ka pae, a ma ka papa kiʻekiʻe o ka waiwai ʻole o ka ikehu, ʻeiwa. Kūʻai ʻo Kelemania i nā mea maka, nā huahana semi-finished, nā ʻāpana kaʻa a me nā mea hana ma waho.

Hiki i nā ʻoihana liʻiliʻi a me nā ʻoihana liʻiliʻi Lūkini ma Kelemania ke hoʻolaha i kā lākou huahana. Eia hou, he mea nui ko lākou kūlana kiʻekiʻe a ʻaʻole nui i ka mākeke kūloko. Hiki iā ʻoe ke hōʻike iā lākou ma kāu hale kūʻai pūnaewele a i ʻole ma nā wahi kūʻai, no ka laʻana, Amazon, Etsy a i ʻole Wildberries.

He koho maikaʻi nō hoʻi ka meaʻai no ka lawe ʻana aku i Kelemania: he nui nā diaspora Lūkini nui ka ʻāina. Hiki paha iā lākou ke hoihoi i nā mea inu a me nā meaʻai i kamaʻāina mai ka wā kamaliʻi ʻaʻole i maʻalahi ke loaʻa ma ʻEulopa, nā pickles, kaʻaila kawa, kvass. No ka lawe ʻana aku i nā meaʻai i Kelemania, pono ʻoe e paʻa i ka European Union. Nā palapala i loko o ke kahua o ka lāʻau lapaʻau lāʻau / Rosselkhoznadzor i ka helu o nā haʻawina huahana a me ke ʻano akahele loa i ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana a me ka hoʻopiha ʻana i nā palapala.