7 kumu e hoihoi ai oe i na makika

7 kumu e hoihoi ai oe i na makika

Inā ʻoe e nīnau ʻo wai ka mea ola pōʻino loa o ka honua, ʻoi aku ka nui o nā holoholona predatory, manō, nā mea ʻawaʻawa a me nā iʻa a me nā mea weliweli ʻē aʻe e hiki mai i ka noʻonoʻo. Akā inā ʻoe e nānā i ka pilikia mai ka manaʻo o ka helu helu, ʻo ka ʻenemi nui o ke kanaka ʻo ... nā makika.

ʻO ka holoholona make loa ma ka honua / Gates Notes mai ka Bill Gates Foundation i manaʻo ʻia ʻo nā maʻi i hoʻolaha ʻia e kēia poʻe koko e pepehi i 725,000 mau kānaka i ka makahiki. No ka hoʻohālikelike: ma ka awelika a puni ka honua aia ma kahi o 475,000 pepehi kanaka i kēlā me kēia makahiki. A ʻaʻole hiki i nā ʻano manō āpau ke lawe i ka helu i ka 10. Ma ke ʻano laulā, hōʻike maopopo nā helu ʻo wai ka mea nui ma ʻaneʻi.

Ma ka laulā, ʻo ka hapa nui o nā makika he mea ʻai meaʻai, inu lākou i ka wai mea kanu. Akā, no ka lawe ʻana a kau i nā hua, pono nā wahine i ka meaʻai protein, a loaʻa iā lākou mai ke koko. No laila nā makika ... nā makika ... ma ke ʻano laulā, hele nā ​​ʻelele o ka wahine makika maikaʻi e hahai i ka pō. A eia nā kumu e hoʻonui ai i kou manawa e hāʻule ai iā lākou.

1. He nui kou mau ha'uki a he kino nui kou

Kiʻi: Sven Mieke / Unsplash

Loaʻa i nā makika kahi ʻōnaehana olfactory i hoʻomohala ʻia a ʻimi nui i ka meaʻai ma ka honi. Hoʻolako ʻia nā maxillary palps o nā koko koko me nā Mosquitoes Detect Carbon Dioxide / Ask Nature me nā neurons sensory kūikawā e hopu i ka carbon dioxide, a i ʻole CO2. ʻO kēia ke kumu hoʻohihi nui no nā inike.

Wahi a No ke aha he mau makika namu / NBCnews na Jonathan Day, ke kaukaʻi o ka entomology olakino ma ke Kulanui o Florida, ʻo ka nui o ka carbon dioxide i hana ʻia e nā kānaka e pili ana i ka metabolism. ʻO ka poʻe i hoʻoikaika kino a loaʻa ka nui o ka ʻiʻo nui e hāʻule i nā pio iā F. van Breugel. Hoʻohana nā makika i ka hihiʻo e hoʻohui i nā ʻala ʻala me nā pahuhopu wela / nā makika biology o kēia manawa.

Ma waho aʻe o ka CO2, hoʻopuka nā mea pāʻani i nā ʻala ikaika o ka lactic acid, ʻoi loa i ka wā o ka hoʻoikaika kino, ka acetone i loko o ka hanu, a me ka estradiol, ka huahana wāwahi o ka estrogen.

No laila, ʻo ka poʻe nui me ka metabolism kiʻekiʻe, nā mea pāʻani a me nā hiʻohiʻona hoʻoikaika kino i nā manawa a pau i ka pū no ka squeaking bloodsuckers. Eia kekahi, ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi o ka poʻe nui e ʻike i nā makika. Ma keʻano laulā, he kumu maikaʻi nā mea aloha protein iā lākou iho.

Hoʻoholo.Mai pāʻani haʻuki. He ʻakaʻaka, hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻomaʻamaʻa, akā pono ʻoe e holoi pono ma hope a ʻaʻole e holo i nā wahi e hōʻiliʻili ai nā midges.

2. Makemake ʻoe e ʻaʻahu ʻeleʻele

Kiʻi: Tobias van Schneider / Unsplash

ʻO nā lole ʻeleʻele ke nānā aku i ka nani. Nui ka poʻe e manaʻo pēlā. Namu kekahi.

ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻaʻole ʻoi aku ka ʻoi o ka ʻike maka o kēia mau pepeke e like me ka honi. Hiki i nā makika iā F. van Breugel. Hoʻohana nā makika i ka hihiʻo e hoʻohui i nā ʻala ʻala me nā pahuhopu wela / ʻo ka Biology o kēia manawa e nānā i kahi kanaka ma kahi mamao ma kahi o 5 a 15 mau mika, inā ʻoe e noʻonoʻo nei.

Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Taneshka Kruger, ka luna o ka Institute for Malaria Control ma ke Kulanui o Pretoria, makemake ʻoe e hele namu iā ʻoe? Mai ʻaʻahu i nā lole ʻeleʻele / Business Insider e ʻike wale lākou i nā silhouettes nui ma kahi o nā pahuhopu. ʻOi aku ka ʻoi aku o nā kala ʻeleʻele i ko lākou ʻike maka, no laila lele nā ​​ʻōpala e ʻike i nā mea nui, ʻeleʻele a hoihoi hoʻi i laila.

Eia kekahi, makemake pū ka poʻe hoʻokahe koko i nā ʻōmaʻomaʻo, ʻulaʻula, a me nā waihoʻoluʻu ʻē aʻe, e like me ka mea i hoʻokumu ʻia e Edgar JM Pollard. ʻO ka hoʻonui ʻana i nā hōʻiliʻili makika mai nā pale pale: nā hopena o ka hoʻolālā kino a me nā ʻāpana hana / Parasites & Vectors Edgar Pollard o ka Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine.

Ma ke ala, ua hoʻomohala nā zebra i kahi ʻano camouflage, ʻeleʻele a keʻokeʻo keʻokeʻo, kahi e huikau ai i nā lele tsetse, nā lio lio a me nā mea ʻē aʻe. Ua ʻike nā kānaka noiʻi Iapana iā T. Kojima. Hiki i nā bipi i pena ʻia me ka zebra like ʻole ke pale aku i ka nahu lele lele / PLoS Hoʻokahi, ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o nā bipi i pena ʻia i ka namu, ʻike ʻia, ua hoʻohiwahiwa ʻia ka poʻe koko koko e ia paʻi.

ʻAʻole naʻe i hana ʻia nā hoʻokolohua ma luna o ke kanaka, no laila ʻaʻole ʻike ʻia ka nui o ka pale ʻana o ke ʻano like me ka zebra i nā mea hoʻokahe koko. Inā loaʻa iā ʻoe kahi ʻaʻahu ʻeleʻele a keʻokeʻo ma ka lima, e hoʻāʻo e ʻaʻahu a kaʻana i kāu mau hopena ma nā manaʻo.

Hoʻoholo.kala palupalu. ʻO ke keʻokeʻo, ka pastel, ka beige, ka khaki a me ka ʻoliva e ʻike ʻole ʻia ʻoe e nā makika. ʻAʻole, ʻoiaʻiʻo, inā lele kokoke ka makika, manaʻo nō ʻo ia he ʻai ʻoe. Akā, e ʻoi aku kona hoihoi i ka poʻe i ʻaʻahu ʻeleʻele.

3. Ka hou a me ke kuni

Kiʻi: un ‑ perfect / Pixabay

ʻO ka ʻōlelo koʻikoʻi, ʻaʻole wale ka poʻe e pāʻani nui ana, akā ʻo nā mea a pau i hoʻonui i ka hou ʻana ma lalo o ka nānā ʻana o nā makika. ʻO ka ʻakika uric a me ka amonia i ka hōʻailona hou JI Raji. ʻIke ʻia nā makika Aedes aegypti i nā mea ʻaʻala i loaʻa i loko o ka ʻala o ke kanaka me ka hoʻohana ʻana i ke ala IR8a / ʻo ka Biology o kēia manawa e lele ka manu e ʻike i ka mea ʻono loa.

Me he mea lā ua lawa ka ehu deodorant a i ʻole cologne e pale aku i ka ʻala o ka hou. Aka, e like me keia no ke aha namu i hoʻopaʻa 'ia kekahi kanaka Way oi ma mua o 'ē aʻe / Self Dr. Gary Goldenberg, lapaʻau alakaʻi o ka 'Oihana o Dermatology ma Icahn Kula o Medicine, kekahi mau meaʻala, ma ka mea 'ē aʻe, wale huki bloodsuckers oi. Loaʻa i nā makika nā ʻala ʻala maikaʻi loa.

Hoʻoholo.E hakakā me ka hoʻonui ʻana i ka sweating, a i ʻole hyperhidrosis, no kēia pono ʻoe e hana i kahi manawa me kahi dermatologist. Eia hou, pono e holoi pinepine banally.

4. Hāpai ʻoe

Kiʻi: Anastasiia Chepinska / Unsplash.

Ua ʻike ʻia kahi haʻawina ma Gambia iā R. Dobson. Makemake ʻo namu i nā wahine hāpai / BNJ, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka makemake o nā nasties ma laila i nā wahine hāpai.

Ua kuhi ka poʻe noiʻi ma muli o ka piʻi nui ʻana o ka carbon dioxide a lākou i hoʻopuka ai. Eia kekahi. I nā wahine hāpai, ua hoʻonui ʻia ka mahana o ke kino ma kahi o 0.7 ° C. A ua pili kēia mau mea ʻelua i ka ʻike maka i ka makika.

Ma keʻano laulā, pono e hoʻopaʻa ʻia nā hopena o kēia hoʻokolohua, no ka mea he 72 mau mea i komo i loko. Akā aia kekahi ʻoiaʻiʻo ma ʻaneʻi.

Hoʻoholo.ʻAʻole ʻeha ka lawe ʻana i kahi hoʻokolohua hāpai.

5. Loaʻa iā ʻoe ka hui koko mua

Kiʻi: National Cancer Institute / Unsplash

ʻAe, hōʻike ka noiʻi iā Y. Shirai. ʻO ka pae ʻana o Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) ma ka ʻili o ke kanaka ma waena o nā pūʻulu koko ABO, nā mea huna a i ʻole nā ​​​​nonsecretors, a me ka ABH Antigens / Journal of Medical Entomology e ʻaneʻane pālua ka maikaʻi o ka poʻe me kahi hui koko maikaʻi i ka makika ma mua o ka poʻe me ka lua. .. ʻO ke kolu a me ka ʻehā ma ka pālākiō o nā mea nui o ka makika aia ma kahi o ka hapalua o lākou. E ola i kēia manawa me kēia ʻike.

Hoʻoholo.No ka mea ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻololi i ka pūʻulu koko, ʻo ka mea i koe e hoʻolauleʻa.

6. ʻAʻole ʻoe e holoi i kou wāwae

Kiʻi: Huỳnh Tấn Hậu / Unsplash.com

Hoʻokahi hoʻokolohua NO Verhulst. ʻO ka 2011 Composition of Human Skin Microbiota Affects Attractiveness to Malaria Mosquitoes / PLoS One i hōʻike i ka pilina ikaika ma waena o ka nui o nā bacteria e noho ana ma ka ʻili a me ka hoihoi namu i ka pūnaewele. Loaʻa i ka poʻe ka nui o nā microorganisms ma nā kuʻekuʻe wāwae a me nā wāwae, no laila e nānā ka poʻe koko koko i kou mau wāwae ʻole me ka hoihoi nui.

Hoʻoholo.Holoi i kou mau wāwae. Mai hoʻokuʻu iā lākou mai lalo o nā uhi.

7. Makemake ʻoe i ka pia

Kiʻi: Gerrie van der Walt / Unsplash.com

Hōʻike kekahi mau hoʻokolohua ʻoi aku ka makemake o nā makika e inu i ke koko o ka poʻe ʻona. Eia kekahi laʻana, ma kahi haʻawina, ʻo O. Shirai. Hoʻoulu ka inu ʻona i ka namu / Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, ʻike nā kānaka ʻepekema mai ka American Mosquito Control Association i ka poʻe i ʻai i ka 350 ml o ka pia ua lilo i mea hoihoi loa i ka poʻe koko. Ua hōʻike ʻia nā hopena like e T. Lefèvre. Hoʻonui ka inu pia i ka nani o ke kanaka i nā makika malaria / PLoS ʻO kekahi hoʻokolohua ʻē aʻe o nā loea mai Burkina Faso.

Manaʻo paha ʻoe makemake wale ka makika e ʻona pū me ʻoe, akā ʻaʻole. ʻAʻole lawa ka ethanol i loko o ke koko a lākou e ʻai ai no ka loaʻa ʻana o kekahi hopena i ʻike ʻia i ka maikaʻi o ka pepeke. Eia naʻe, inu pinepine kēia mau ʻiniko i ke koko o ka poʻe ʻona. Me he mea lā, ʻike lākou i kekahi mea e pili ana i ka pia a mākou i ʻike ʻole ai.

Hoʻoholo.Mai inu, ma ka liʻiliʻi ma ka ea hou.